Income tax


Tax bands and rates 2017/18 2016/17
Basic rate band £33,500 £32,000
Basic rate band - Scotland £31,500 £32,000
Basic tax rate 20% 20%
Dividend ordinary tax rate 7.5% 7.5%
Savings starting rate band £5,000* £5,000*
Savings starting rate - savings income 0% 0%
Higher rate band £33,501 - £150,000 £32,001 - £150,000
Higher rate band - Scotland £31,501 - £150,000 £32,001 - £150,000
Higher tax rate 40% 40%
Dividend upper tax rate 32.5% 32.5%
Additional rate band over £150,000 £150,000
Additional tax rate 45% 45%
Dividend additional tax rate 38.1% 38.1%
Personnal allowance £11,500 £11,000
Trading allowance** £1,000 £0
Property allowance** £1,000 £0
Marriage allowance Transferable allowance £1,150 £1,100
Blind person's allowance £2,320 £2,290
Married couple's allowance (MCA) Maximum amount £8,445 £8,355
Tax reduction at 10% £844.50 £835.50
Applies after UK residence in 7 or
more of the previous 9 tax years
£30,000 £30,000
Applies after UK residence in at least 12 of the previous 14 years £60,000  £60,000 
Applies after UK residence in at least 17 of the last 20 years n/a £90,000 

Enterprise investment scheme (EIS) up to

£1,000,000 £1,000,000
Maximum amount for EIS carry back £50,000 £50,000
Income tax relief rate 30% 30%
Seed enterprise investment scheme (SEIS) £100,000 £100,000
Income tax relief  50%  50%
Venture capital trust (VCT) £200,000 £200,000
Social investment relief £1,000,000 £1,000,000
Income tax relief 30% 30%
VCT tax relief rate 30% 30%
Golden handshake maximum tax free £30,000 £30,000
Rent a room - exempt on gross annual rent up to £7,500 £7,500
Construction industry scheme - deduction rate    
Standard rate - registered 20% 20%
Higher rate - not registered 30% 30%

*Savings income falling into the first £5,000 may be taxed at 0% for certain low income earners.

**When the gross income is £1,000 or less.

2018 and beyond

An increase to the annual amount an individual can invest under the enterprise investment scheme (EIS) in knowledge-intensive companies will take effect from 6 April 2018. 

Provided that anything above £1m is invested in knowledge-intensive companies, an individual can invest up to £2m in total. 

A knowledge-intensive company is regarded as a smaller innovative company carrying out research and development and other activities to develop intellectual property for its own trading purposes.

It is intended to increase the personal allowance to £12,500 and the higher rate threshold to £50,000, but no timetable for these increases has been announced. Once these limits have been attained they will, in future, be index linked by reference to the CPI (Consumer Prices Index).

Termination payments over £30,000 which are subject to income tax after April 2018 will also be subject to employers national insurance contributions.

Income tax will only be applied on the equivalent of an employee’s basic pay if the employee has not worked the notice period.

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SJD Accountancy

SJD Accountancy are the UK's largest specialist provider of fixed fee, Limited company accountancy services to contractors; we've been acting for contractors across the UK since 1992 and have more than 15,000 clients.

We are the only national specialist firm of contractor accountants with offices nationwide. SJD Accountancy has more qualified staff than any other firm in our market with qualifications from the following major tax and accountancy bodies - ATT, AAT, CTA, ACCA, CA, ACA and FCCA.

  • Unlimited face to face meetings. This is a unique service only SJD Accountancy offers - unlimited face to face meetings across the UK - tax is complicated and sometimes only a meeting will do.
  • UK's largest contractor accountants with more qualified staff. No call centres, no outsourcing, no automated call handling. Simply telephone, email or meet your own dedicated accountant face to face.
  • Our Customer Promise. Respond to any question sent to your accountant or any dedicated department within 24 hours.  If we need more time, we will update you as soon as we can and we promise to keep you informed of the progress we are making in answering your question.
  • Outstanding reputation. We have won more awards for customer service and accountancy excellence than any other firm in our market, including: Best Accountant for Contractors, Accountant of the Year and Best Professional Service Team to name just a few.
  • All inclusive low cost fixed fee accountancy package which includes completion of accounts*, payroll bureau, dividends and corporation tax computations, personal taxation, free bookkeeping software, your own dedicated accountant* and all company returns for a fixed fee starting from £120 plus VAT per month. Check our packages for more detail.

If you have any questions about contracting or would like any further advice please call our new business team on 01442 275789 or email: Our new business team is open Monday to Thursday (8am to 8pm), Friday (8am to 7pm) and Saturday (10am to 4pm)

Appoint SJD Accountancy and never worry about your tax or accountancy affairs again.

Form your own limited company with SJD - our same day online company formation service includes company bank account set up, VAT/PAYE registration and advice on optimum share structure. 

You may also find the following pages, guides and case studies useful:

*If you would like us to complete your company year end accounts we simply ask that you have been a client of SJD for one year or have made 12 monthly payments. All accountants are part or fully qualified.